Opiates are naturally occurring alkaloids that come from the opium poppy. Examples of opiates are opium, heroin, codeine and morphine. Each of these types of opiates is just as addicting as the others. Contrary to popular belief codeine or morphine can be just as addicting as heroin even though heroin is often considered more addicting. They are highly addictive drugs that affect all types of people. No one is safe from opiate addiction.
Withdrawing and Detoxing from Heroin
The withdrawal process from opiates is one of the most difficult drug withdrawal processes and is commonly referred to as “dope sickness”. The pain that drug addicts experience is often described as the most painful thing a person has been through. Withdrawal symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea and muscle aches. An addict will feel extremely week and will only be able to focus on getting more of their drug.
This Also Causes Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression
It is not recommended to go through opiate withdrawal alone. These symptoms can become so severe that a person can become dehydrated and severely injure themselves. Addicts need to go through an actual detox process that is monitored by professionals over a few days to a few weeks, depending on how dependent the user is. If detoxing is done in an inpatient facility it is much easier because a doctor can put them under anesthesia and flush the body out. Once a person comes out of anesthesia opioids can be prescribed. Opioids are synthetic drugs that mimic opiates such as Methadone and Demerol. These are less addictive and can be given in much smaller doses until a person is completely able to function without any opiates or opioids.
Rehabilitation from Opiates
After the long and painful process of detoxing from opiates, addicts move on to the rehabilitation phase. Opiates are severely addicting both physically and psychologically. Rehabilitation focuses on the psychological addiction that needs to be treated in order to prevent relapse. The focus is generally on the problems and stressors and other underlying issues that caused the addict to use in the first place. Addicts don’t generally want to become addicted to opiates.
They Simply Just Want to Forget about Their Problems for a Little bit While Having a Little Fun
However, that is the problem with opiates. They are so addicting that even trying a drug once or twice can cause addiction. Not only do issues that helped contribute to the addiction need to be addressed, but also the issues that were caused because of the addiction.
By The Time an Opiate Addict Seeks Treatment They Have Usually Hit Rock Bottom
This means that they’ve screwed everything up in their life so badly such as relationships and their career that they feel they have nothing left. In order to prevent relapse, these issues must be dealt with. Therapy is the most important part of rehabilitation. There are many types of therapy including one-on-one sessions, group therapy and family therapy. A recovering opiate addict generally will attend all types of therapy throughout their rehabilitation.